Balneotherapy

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Balneotherapy – (“balneum” means bath, bathing in Latin + “therapeia” means treatment in Greek) is a use of natural and artificially prepared mineral water for prevention and treatment of various diseases and for medical rehabilitation. Balneotherapy includes an external application of bath – for intracavitary procedures (gastric, intestinal, vaginal and other irrigation and washing).

This procedure is assigned basing on the disease indications, and for the prevention.

Balneotherapy has its own nuances. A certain type of baths shall not be taken at heart disease, the others, on the contrary, are actively recommended, even for those patients, who have suffered a heart attack or stomach or gall bladder operation. Differences are in the properties of water in a bath; they determine indications or refusal from the procedure.

The effect of bath mechanism is made up of the thermal, mechanical and chemical factors:

 Mechanical. The force of gravity in water is weakened, muscles and skin smooth down, and their blood supply improves. If gas is dissolved in water, then gas bubbles produce mechanical effect on the skin.

  • Thermal. Warm water activates the blood flow in the vessels, improves metabolism. Herewith, the body heavily releases energy, loses calories and eliminates toxins, producing purification of the body. The effect is enhanced by alternating treatments with warm and cold water.
  • Chemical. Biologically active ions (iodine, bromine) and dissolved gases (carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen, sulphurated hydrogen) from the mineral water penetrate into the general blood flow and improve the lymphotrophy of all tissues.

Balneotherapy: indications and contraindications

Differences in mineral water properties set different indications and contraindications for balneotherapy baths.

Indications for outer balneotherapy

Common indications for external application of mineral waters are:

  • Diseases of the cardiovascular system
  • Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
  • CNS diseases
  • Diseases of the peripheral nervous system
  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
  • Diseases of the female genital organs
  • Urological and endocrine diseases
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Rehabilitation after myocardial infarction, reconstructive operations on coronary and great vessels, heart valves, operations on the stomach, cholecystectomy, etc.
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Stroke
  • Dermatitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Eczema
  • Lichen planus and scleroderma
  • Diseases in acute stage or during an exacerbation of chronic process
  • Infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, syphilis
  • Pregnancy
  • Bleeding and predisposition to them
  • Malignant tumors, uterine fibroids, mastopathy
  • Lack of blood circulation, the stage higher IIA
  • Progressive angina and rest angina
  • Cardiac asthma, arrhythmias heart rate and myocardial conduction with unfavorable prognosis
  • Reduction of pain
  • Acceleration of blood circulation,
  • Increasing of cellular fluid,
  • Relaxation of muscles
  • Elimination of the toxins of the body.

Contraindications:

  • Diseases in acute stage or during an exacerbation of chronic process
  • Infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis, syphilis, etc.
  • Pregnancy
  • Bleeding and predisposition to them
  • Malignant tumors, uterine fibroids, mastitis
  • Lack of blood circulation, higher stage than IIA
  • Progressive angina and rest angina
  • Cardiac asthma, arrhythmias heart rate and myocardial conduction with unfavorable prognosis

Side Effects:

  • Reduction of pain
  • Acceleration of blood circulation
  • Increasing cellular fluid
  • Relaxation of muscles
  • Elimination of the toxins from the body.

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